Don’t you think empathy is the foundation of effective communication?
Effective communication: To convey ideas based on what is similar.
But before you do effective communication, you got to tailor it to the other party’s ego.
And that comes through listening.
And doing your best to see the heart of the other party.
So perhaps, there is no hard and fast rule to effective communication. In fact, if there are theoretical models involved, then probably those models would result in less effective communication.
Because those models assume that everybody’s background is similar. People however, cannot be regarded as homogenous beings–Everyone faces different types of challenges.
Then, that gives rise to another question: What if one party refuses to talk, or/and the other party refuses to listen?
How do you get people to trust each other more–
–Or, “Too much effort”. Is there even a need to communicate well?
So perhaps, effective communication depends on an end goal, which involves searching your own heart and determining what you want out of the communication process.